Esophageal Atresia: A Challenge from Prenatal Diagnosis to Surgical Treatment Atrésia Esofágica: Um Desafio desde o Diagnóstico Pré-natal ao Tratamento Cirúrgico

Main Article Content

Vera Trocado - Corresponding Author
Catarina Barroso
Cristina Nogueira-Silva
Jorge Correia-Pinto

Abstract

Esophageal atresia is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus, characterized by disruption of its continuity, with a prevalence of 1 per 2500 to 4500 live births. The approach to this condition, since diagnosis in the prenatal period to surgical treatment in the neonatal period, is an important challenge, both for the obstetrician and the pediatric surgeon. Regarding to prenatal diagnosis, ultrasound, magnetic resonance, and biochemical analysis of amniotic fluid are relevant. On the other hand, concerning to surgical treatment, nowadays there are available minimal invasive surgical techniques, with less musculoskeletal sequelae, less pain in the post-operative period and a better esthetic final result. In this article, the authors review the different prenatal diagnostic techniques available, as well as different approaches to the surgical treatment.

Keywords: Esophageal Atresia; Prenatal Diagnosis; Tracheoesophageal Fistula; Thoracoscopy

Article Details

1.
Trocado V, Barroso C, Nogueira-Silva C, Correia-Pinto J. Esophageal Atresia: A Challenge from Prenatal Diagnosis to Surgical Treatment: Atrésia Esofágica: Um Desafio desde o Diagnóstico Pré-natal ao Tratamento Cirúrgico. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2018 Feb. 21 [cited 2022 May 21];3(3). Available from: https://www.gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/103
Section
REVIEW ARTICLES