An Overview of Delirium in the Community Setting

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Catarina Calheno Rebelo - Corresponding Author

Catarina Pereira Calheno Rebelo [catarina.pcr@hotmail.com]
Rua de Alfredo Cunha 365, 4450-021 Matosinhos, Portugal
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7563-0195

Hugo Oliveira
Maria do Céu Rocha

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Delirium is one of the most frequent neuropsychiatric complications in the Palliative Care setting. Despite being a severe neurological dysfunction, there are few studies describing its management in the community. Our objective was to review the existing evidence supporting best approaches to delirium in the community setting, considering the Portuguese context.
METHODS: Literature review using the following MeSH terms: “delirium”, “palliative care”, “domiciliary care”, “general practitioners”, “general physicians”, “primary care”, “Portugal” and “end of life”.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Delirium is usually multifactorial, impacting healthcare professionals, caregivers and, above all, patients. There is insufficient evidence concerning treatment of the condition, and available literature mostly concerns the hospital setting. In the Palliative Care setting, it is important that the patient, the family, and the environment are considered in order to assure early diagnosis and management of delirium by the family doctor.

Keywords: Delirium; Home Care Services; Palliative Care

Article Details

1.
Rebelo C, Oliveira H, Rocha M do C. An Overview of Delirium in the Community Setting. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 3 [cited 2022 Aug. 13];8(4). Available from: https://www.gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/482
Section
REVIEW ARTICLES