Design and Evaluation of the Impact of a Basic Life Support Training in Schools Desenho e Avaliação do Impacto de uma Ação de Formação em Suporte Básico de Vida nas Escolas

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Ana Rafaela Marques Ribeiro - Corresponding Author

Rua das Águas Santas, 125, 6300-808 Guarda, Portugal

Juliana Marília Pereira de Sá
Ricardo Tjeng

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The time between the establishment of the cardiorespiratory arrest and the beginning of basic life support is fundamental; shortening this time is the best way to increase the probability of the victim’s survival. International guidelines recommend teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation in schools. This work intends to contribute to the construction of basic life support education programs in schools.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five students from 8th grade were included in the study. A group of 24 students participated in a 60-minute theoretical-practical training, while a second group of 28 students answered only to the surveys. Both groups responded to an initial survey prior to training and to a follow-up survey one month later. The group that received training also responded immediately after this. The survey consisted of multiple-choice questions about theoretical knowledge, self-assessment of the ability to perform basic life support and self-perceived fear of being the first to respond to a cardiorespiratory arrest.
RESULTS: In the group that received training, before this happens, it was observed that the average of correct answers, valued
between 0 and 9, was 4.29. One month later the mean was 7.67 for this group and 4.43 for the non-trained group. In the
training group, the ability to act increased significantly and the fear decreased significantly.
CONCLUSION: A training session in basic life support has an

Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/education; Health Education; Portugal; Schools

Article Details

1.
Ribeiro ARM, Sá JMP de, Tjeng R. Design and Evaluation of the Impact of a Basic Life Support Training in Schools: Desenho e Avaliação do Impacto de uma Ação de Formação em Suporte Básico de Vida nas Escolas. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 31 [cited 2021 Dec. 3];7(1). Available from: https://www.gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/253
Section
ORIGINAL